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INQAAHE -APQN Partnership Project Agreement:External Quality Assurance Landscape

  This survey is carried out by INQAAHE and APQN as Partnership Project on Internal and External Quality Assurance Landscape, the major aspects are 5 aspects: (1)External Quality Assurance: Operations and Impact ; (2)National Qualification Framework; (3) Quality Assurance of Doctoral Programme;(4)Quality Assurance of Distance Education; and (5) Quality Culture. This is anonymous survey. Please take it easy to fill in it. Thank you very much for your great contribution! 

Q1:Name of the external quality assurance organization:(EQAA)
Full name:    ____________
Name in English:    ____________
Acronym:    ____________
Officially establishing year :    ____________
Q2:which country is your EQAA in?
    ____________
Q3:Current membership with international and regional networks :(select all that apply)
INQAAHE (International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education)
ENQA (European Network of Quality Assurance)
CEENQA (Central Europe Network for Quality Assurance in Higher Education)
APQN (Asia-Pacific Quality Network)
Other (please specify)
Q4:Within which jurisdiction does your EQAA operate?
A single country
A specific group of countries
Internationally
Nationally and internationally
Other (please specify)
Q5:Which of the following best describes the nature of your EQAA?
Fully autonomous
Quasi-autonomous national agency
Government department or committee
Supranational non-profit agency
Private enterprise
other (please specify)
Q6:Does your EQAA have a governing board or a governing council?
Yes
No
Under development
Q7:Which stakeholders are represented formally on the governing body? (select all that apply)
Government representatives
Private tertiary institutions
Public tertiary institutions
Professional associations
Labour organisation representatives
Industry/Business representatives
National training agency representatives
Students
Other (please specify)
Q8:What is the scope of your EQAAs operations? (select all that apply)
Government-funded institutions
Government-funded programmes
State/emirate/region-funded institutions
State/emirate/region-funded programmes
Private institutions and programmes
Public institutions and programmes
Only programmes in specific disciplines
Transnational institutions
Transnational programmes
Inter-governmental institutions
Other (please specify)
Q9:How many tertiary education institutions operate under your EQAAs purview?
Public institutions    ____________
Private institutions    ____________
Inter-governmental institutions(funded by two governments)    ____________
Transnational institutions    ____________
Q10:To what extent is your EQAA recognised as having responsibility for external quality assurancein your jurisdiction?
Not fully recognised
Recognised by the state authorities and HEIs but not by law
Recognised by the legislation
Other (please specify)
Q11:If recognised by legislation, when was it enacted?
    ____________
Q12:Is your EQAA the only government recognised organization to conduct external evaluations inyour jurisdiction?
Yes
No
uncertain
Q13:Has your EQAA conducted any external evaluations (institutional or programmatic) since it was established?
Yes
No
Uncertain
Q14:Does your EQAA conduct external evaluations regularly?
Yes
No
Uncertain
Q15:What types of external evaluation does your EQAA perform? (select all that apply)
Institutional licensure
Institutional accreditation
Program accreditation
Institutional authorization
Program authorization
Institutional audit
Program audit
Other (please specify)
Q16:To what extent does your EQAA have the resources it needs to function effectively?
StronglyAgree Agree Somewhat Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree
My EQAA has sufficient staff to perform itsevaluation functions
My EQAA has sufficient staff to develop policies,procedures,criteria and guidelines
My EQAA has sufficient staff to offer capacitybuilding activities to HEIs
My EQAA has sufficient financial resources toperformitsevaluations
My EQAA has sufficient financial resources todevelop policies,procedures,criteriaand guidelines
My EQAA has sufficient financial resources to offercapacity building activities to HEIs
Q17:How many full-time staff members are directly employed by your EQAA? (type of staff)
Management    ____________
Administrative (support staff)    ____________
Staff directly involved in conductingprocedures(e.g. coordinators,commissioners)    ____________
Research    ____________
Others (please specify)    ____________
Total no. of staff in your EQAA    ____________
Q18:What is the percentage of funding received by your EQAA from the following sources?(your responses must total to 100%)
Government    ____________
Affiliation/subscription fees from institutions    ____________
Evaluation services fees    ____________
Grants and donations    ____________
Others (please specify)    ____________
Q19:Which sources provide a general frame of reference for the approach to quality assuranceadopted by your EQAA? (select all that apply)
Quality assurance legislation
INQAAHE Guidelines of Good Practices
USA Regional Accreditation system
ENQA Standards and Guidelines
ISO/IWA Standards
UNESCO/OECD guidelines on cross-border higher education and quality assurance
Professional associations
APQN “Assessing Quality in Higher Education”
UNESCO-APQN “Toolkit Regulating the Quality of Cross-Border Education”
Other (please specify)
Q20:When developing the policies, procedures, criteria and guidelines for your external evaluations,which of the following was/were taken into consideration? (select all that apply)
Accountability balanced with autonomy of HEIs
Quality improvement based on the needs of the system
Student protection
Transparency
Alignment with international trends
Values the higher education system adheres to
Strategic priorities of the country
Protection of the system from bogus providers
Other (please specify)
Q21:When developing the policies, procedures, criteria and guidelines, which of the stakeholders didyou involve in the process of development? (select all that apply)
Respective administrative staff at HEIs
Faculty members of HEIs
Student representatives
Professional associations
Representatives of the private sector/labour market
Other quality assurance bodies
Other bodies involved with tertiary education
Government
International experts/peers
Other (please specify)
Q22:Who makes the final decision on the adoption of policies, procedures, criteria and guidelines?
Government
EQAA Board
Other (please specify)
Q23:Are the policies, procedures, criteria and guidelines made publicly available prior to theirimplementation?
Yes
No
Uncertain
Q24:Who makes the final decision on external evaluations conducted by your EQAA?
Government
EQAA Board
External evaluation team
A stakeholder council established specifically for decision-taking
Other (please specify)
Q25:.Which are the required steps in the evaluation process performed by your EQAA?(select all that apply)
Self-Assessment (conducted by the HEI)
Technical Review (conducted by your EQAA)
Desk-Review (conducted by the expert panel)
Site Visit (conducted by the expert panel)
Evaluation Report (by panel members)
Decision-making
Follow-Up Action on Recommendations
Other (please specify)
Q26:Does your EQAA use external evaluation teams for its evaluations?
Yes
No
uncertain
Q27:Who appoints the external evaluation teams?
Government
The EQAA based on the nominations from the institutions under scrutiny
The EQAA based on its own database of external reviewers
Other (please specify)
Q28:What is the composition of the external evaluation team like? (select all that apply)
EQAA staff members
Representatives of professional associations
Administrators and faculty members from local institutions/local experts
Administrators and faculty members from overseas institutions/international
experts
Students
Professional practitioners
Employers
Other (please specify)
Q29:Is there a set procedure for the selection and appointment of the external evaluation teams?
Yes
No
Partial
Q30:Does your EQAA have ready access to a pool of competent external evaluators to conductevaluations?
Yes
No
Uncertain
Q31:What type of preparatory sessions does your EQAA offer for your external reviewers beforelaunching an institutional or program evaluation procedure? (select all that apply)
Training
Orientation/induction sessions
Professional development
No preparatory session
Other (please specify)
Q32:How are the functions distributed between your EQAA and the external evaluation team duringthe evaluation process? (select both the team and EQAA where they perform collaboratively)
Functions Not Performed External Evaluation Team EQAA
Supporting the HEI during theself-assessment
Technical review
Desktop review
Planning site visit
Site visit activities
Report writing
Follow up on recommendations
Q33:Does your organisation have established policies and procedures to address its ownaccountability?
Yes
No
Under development
Q34:To what extent are the following accountability mechanisms in place?
Not established Partlyestablished Established andsomewhat effective Establishedand effective Established andvery effective
Quality assurance policy forEQAA
Internal quality assurancesystem for EQAA
Institutional researchfunctionto inform EQAAimprovement
Periodic review of EQAA by acompetent national body
Appeal system for HEIs
Mechanisms to addressconflict of interests
Q35:What is the current status of your EQAA with respect to submitting itself to external review by a competent body? (select all that apply)
EQAA is reviewed and has a recognition status awarded by a national body
EQAA is reviewed and has a recognition status awarded by an international body
EQAA had a recognition status with a national body but it needs a renewal
EQAA had a recognition status with an international body but it needs a renewal
EQAA is planning to apply for a review to be conducted by a national body
EQAA is planning to apply for a review to be conducted by an international body
EQAA does not plan to subject itself to external evaluation by a national body
EQAA does not plan to subject itself to external evaluation by an international body
Other (please specify)
Q36:The EQAA was externally evaluated by:(select all that apply)
INQAAHE
APQN
A National Boby
Other (please specify)
Q37:Does your country have a national qualifications framework?
Yes
No
If yes, In which year was it officially adopted:
Q38:If the answer is no, are you planning to adopt one?
Yes
No
Q39:By whose decree was it adopted?
    ____________
Q40:How is NQF operationalized?
Its functions are delegated to an independent organization
Its functions are hosted by the national quality assurance agency
Its functions are hosted by a government department
Other (please specify)
Q41:Has the NQF undergone an external evaluation with any of the following aims?(select all that apply)(If Yes,please fill the date in the forms beside options)
Self-certification
Referencing against other NQFs
Referencing against other QFs
Alignment with other NQFs
Alignment with other QFs
Other (please specify)
Q42:To what extent are the levels of NQF covered by existing QA policies?(select all that apply)
Bachelor programs
Master programs
Doctoral programs
Life-long learning (Recognition of prior learning)
Life-long learning (Continuous education courses)
Q43:Has the approach to NQF implementation been ever revised?
Yes
No
uncertain
If Yes, when:
Q44:Does your country have sectorial qualifications framework?
Yes
No
uncertain
If yes,when:
Q45:Is there a regional qualifications framework in your region?
Yes
No
uncertain
If Yes, has your NQF been referenced against it?
Q46:My EQAA
is planning or is just beginning to introduce policies, procedures and criteria for evaluating doctoralprogrammes
has already developed policies, procedures and criteria for evaluating doctoral programmes, but thesystem is scaling up, and processes are still in flux
has a well-established system for evaluating doctoral programmes and the process is running
is moving beyond well-established processes to achieve excellence in the delivery of qualityassurance services for doctoral programmes
has no plans to conduct quality assurance of doctoral programmes
Q47:My EQAA launched the quality assurance system for doctoral degrees based on? (decree)
    ____________
Q48:My EQAA launched the quality assurance system for doctoral degrees in ?(year)
    ____________
Q49:What is the approach to quality assurance of doctoral degrees pursued by your EQAA?
There is a standard ‘core’ applicable to all kinds of education levels, with add-on ‘modules’specific to doctoral education
It is mainstreamed into overall quality assurance: a single set of criteria covers all types of institutions
Other (please specify)
Q50:The purpose of the quality assurance scheme for doctoral programmes is to? (select all that apply)
provide minimum requirements
verify correct implementation of doctoral programme delivery processes – address
failures stimulate and support continuous improvement
provide a benchmark for excellence
other (please specify)
Q51:The policies, procedures and criteria for the evaluation of doctoral programmes were developed based on (select all that apply)
National legislation
Salzburg Principles (2005)
benchmarking with highly ranked universities
Other (please specify)
Q52:The role of external reviewers is to?
consult HEIs on how to implement the standard
audit HEIs on the extent to which the specificities of the standard are reached
monitor the processes and outputs of doctoral education, and recommend
improvements benchmark outputs against excellence criteria
Other (please specify)
Q53:Which phase of the doctoral programme do you evaluate? (select all that apply)
Admissions
Supervision
Courses delivered
Research conducted
Publications
Defense
Facilities
Other (please specify)
Q54:In general, the quality assurance criteria for research and innovation look at the following:
Strongly Agree Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree
Research strategy
Faculty promotion policy
Policy on supervision ofdoctoral students
Research outputs
Links between research,and teaching and learning
Research funding
Research grants
Q55:My EQAA
is planning or just beginning to introduce policies, procedures and criteria for evaluating distance education
has already developed policies, procedures and criteria for evaluating distance education, but the system is scaling up, and processes are still in flux
has a well-established system for evaluating distance education and the process is running
is moving beyond well-established processes to achieve excellence in the delivery of quality assurance services for distance education.
has no plans to conduct quality assurance of distance education
Q56:My EQAA launched the quality assurance system for distance education based on (decree):
    ____________
Q57: My EQAA launched the quality assurance system for distance education in (year):
    ____________
Q58:What is the approach to quality assurance of distance education pursued by your EQAA?
Hybrid/personalised system: a standard ‘core’ applicable to all kinds of education and organisations, with add-on ‘modules’ specific to distance or e-provision
It is mainstreamed into overall quality assurance: a single set of criteria covers all types of institutions
Other (please specify)
Q59:The purpose of the quality assurance scheme for distance education is to ?(select all that apply)
provide a template for distance education system-design
verify correct implementation of distance education processes-address
failures stimulate and support continuous improvement
provide a benchmark for excellence
other(please specify)
Q60:The policies, procedures and criteria for the evaluation of distance education were developedbased on? (select all that apply)
The national legislation
Benchmarking with international organisations/networks dealing with distance education(e.g. ICDE)
Based on in-depth study of the system needs
Other (please specify)
Q61:Which of the following does your EQAA evaluate within the frames of quality assurance ofdistance education? (select all that apply)
Institution
Programme development and approval
Programme monitoring and revision
Course
Methodology
Resources
Student authentication
Degree granting
Student assessment
Information management systems
Faculty & Student training
Student advising
Accessibility to learning resources
Faculty-student-student interaction
Other (please specify)
Q62:what are your opinions in quality culture?
Strongly Agree Agree Somewhat Disagree Disagree Strongly Disagree
the awareness of quality culture has been establishedin your organization
one of the purposes of “Higher Education QualityAssurance Principles for the Asia-Pacific Region(Chiba Principles)” issued by APQN is “toencourage a culture of quality improvement”
To develop a strong quality culture in the system ofexternal quality assurance (EQA) such as QualityAssurance Agencies, is highly necessary
The establishment of a genuine quality culture both inIQA and EQA is the future guarantee of sustainablequality for the next- generation quality assurance inhigher education
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